Change into passive voice 8. Mum didnt buy a lot of oranges and apples yesterday morning. ……………………………..

Change into passive voice
8. Mum didnt buy a lot of oranges and apples yesterday morning.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
9. Someone left a bouquet of fresh red roses on the desk.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
10. Smoke filled the room.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
11. The maid has ironed the clothes.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
12. Everyone has already heard the news.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
13. They havent made the decision yet.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
14. Alex has written four short stories so far.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
15. Uncle Tom hasnt watered these trees since yesterday.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

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  1. Giải đáp:
    8, A lot of oranges and apples weren’t bought by Mum yesterday morning.
    9, A bouquet of fresh red roses was left on the desk.
    10, The room was filled by smoke.
    11, The clothes have been ironed by the maid.
    12, The news have already been heard.
    13, The decision hasn’t made yet.
    14, Four short stories have been written by Alex so far.
    15, These trees haven’t been watered by Uncle Tom since yesterday.
    Giải thích:
    * Bị động Hiện tại hoàn thành:
    $(+)$ S + have / has + been + V3 / PII ( by O ).
    $(-)$ S + have / has + not been + V3 / PII ( by O ).
    $(?)$ Have / Has + S + been + V3 / PII ( by O )?
    @ Chủ ngữ:
    -> I / You / We / They / N (số nhiều) + have
    -> He / She / It / N (số ít) + has
    * Bị động Quá khứ đơn:
    $(+)$ S + was / were + V3 / PII ( by O ).
    $(-)$ S + was / were + not + V3 / PII ( by O ).
    $(?)$ Was / Were + S + V3 / PII ( by O )?
    @ Chủ ngữ:
    -> You / We / They / N (số nhiều) + were
    -> I / He / She / It / N (số ít) + was

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