Children who have no brothers or sisters tend to do well at school, becomin responsible, high-achieving adults. Like first-bo

Children who have no brothers or sisters tend to do well at school, becomin responsible, high-achieving adults. Like first-borns, children with no siblings get a lot attention and become involved in their parents’ world from an early age. This make them seem very mature. However, despite this apparent maturity, because they are the sole focus of their parents’ attention, they tend to remain more ???????????????????????????????????? on the parents as adults. An only child also has to cope with isolation from other children an becomes very well organised and good at arranging social encounters.
The eldest children also get a lot of parental attention when they are very young and develop traits similar to only children. They are responsible and successful and tene to share their parents’ values and beliefs rather than try to rebel. As pioneers in the family, they are open to new experiences, and because they dominate their younge siblings, they tend to demand attention and respect. Interestingly, 21 out of the first 23 astronauts were first-borns, as were over half of all U.S. presidents.
When it comes to the youngest in the family, parents are generally more relaxed and experienced, making youngest children more outgoing, light-hearted and socially successful. Parents expect less of the youngest and are usually much less demanding. There is a danger, thoug , that children will ‘live down’ to these expectations. ???????????????? may struggle with responsibility and resist growing up. They are also without doubt the rebels, and research has found that many revolutionary thinkers were the youngest.
Of all the places in the birth order, being the middle child seems to have the greatest influence. The shock of no longer being the youngest member of the family can affect the child until well into adulthood. Many go through a period of destructive attention – seeking behaviour. On the positive side, this position makes a child develop coping strategies. Middle children have to negotiate for every bit of attention and time. As a result, they become skilful negotiators and develop excellent diplomatic skills.
1. The text concentrates on the connection between children’s behaviour and ____________.
A. their attitude to siblings B. their birth order
C. parental success D. their academic performance
2. The text is _________________.
A. formal and academic C. amusing and entertaining
B. factual and informative D. critical and ironical
3. When they become adults , children who have no brothers or sisters tend to be ______________.
A. antisocial B. successful C. disorganized D. experienced
4. An only child’s close relationship with his or her parents makes him or her ________________.
A. highly independent C. behave in an adult – like way
B. leave home at an early age D. cope with stress well
5. The eldest children are most similar in personality to ________________.
A. only children B. middle children C. youngest children D. their parents
6. The text implies that the youngest child in the family _______________.
A. is the most free – spirited C. gets away with everything
B. has the toughest time D. lives up to their parents’ expectations
7. When a new member is added to a family , the middle child _____________.
A. simply accepts its new position in the family
B. develops skills to deal with the new situation
C. is strongly affected, but only for a short period of time
D. learns that he/she has been neglected
8 . The text says that the child affected most by birth order is _______________.
A. the only child B. the eldest child C. the middle child D. the youngest child
9. The underlined word ‘????????????????????????????????????’ can be best replaced by _____________.
A. reliant B. affected C. survived D. safe
10. The underlined word ‘????????????????’ refers to __________.
A. the youngest B. the expectations C. parents D. responsibilities

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